Diabetes is a chronic medical condition that leads to issues with your blood sugar, causing damage throughout your body. When you're pregnant, diabetes can cause problems for you and your baby if you don't keep it under control.
If you have diabetes and are considering pregnancy, talk to Dr. John Paul Roberts, an expert OB/GYN in Plano, Texas. Dr. Roberts provides diabetes care when you're thinking about starting a family so you can have a healthy pregnancy.
Diabetes is a lifelong condition that affects how your body uses glucose in your blood. If you have diabetes, your body either doesn't make enough insulin or doesn't use it properly or effectively.
The human body produces insulin in response to rising blood sugar in the bloodstream. Insulin pushes the glucose into your cells so they can use it for energy.
But when you have diabetes, your body can't effectively get your blood glucose to your cells. The blood sugar then builds up in your bloodstream, causing various symptoms, including frequent urination and extreme thirst.
There are several types of diabetes, including Types 1 and 2, and gestational. Type 2 typically occurs later in life, while gestational diabetes happens when you're pregnant.
Keeping diabetes in check during pregnancy
If you have diabetes or are diagnosed with gestational diabetes, you can take steps to ensure you and your baby are healthy throughout your pregnancy. Some of the steps Dr. Roberts recommends to keep your blood sugar in check include:
The first step in managing diabetes during pregnancy starts before you even get pregnant. If you have diabetes, ensure a safe and healthy pregnancy before you get pregnant with preconception care.
Monitor your blood sugar
Keeping your blood sugar in check is a crucial aspect of managing diabetes while you're pregnant. Check your blood sugar regularly to ensure you're within a healthy range for you and your baby.
Eat a healthy diet
Your diet is another key to diabetes management. Keep a close eye on how much sugar you consume, and cut down on refined carbohydrates and processed foods. Aim for healthier, nutrient-dense foods like fresh vegetables and low-sugar fruits.
Take medications as prescribed
If you require insulin, take it as prescribed. Even if you're feeling OK, don't skip any doses, as it could affect you and your baby.
We suggest staying active during pregnancy. Simply walking daily or doing mild aerobic exercise helps you keep your blood sugar in a normal range, especially when paired with a healthy diet.
Complications of uncontrolled diabetes
You may need more insulin if you have diabetes while pregnant. You're also at risk for hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, which is very dangerous. Your baby is at risk for several complications, which include:
- Certain congenital disabilities
- Macrosomia, or significant birth weight
- Birth injuries
- Respiratory difficulties
You're also at risk for preeclampsia, which is dangerous for you and your baby. Keeping your blood sugar under control is the best way to prevent problems for you or your baby during pregnancy and birth.
If you have diabetes and are planning to get pregnant, call today to schedule your prenatal appointment or book a consultation with Dr. Roberts through our website.